Drainage issues are very common in and around the Charlotte area. Without proper drainage, your home and landscape can suffer greatly. Problems can arise immediately, but sometimes the results of improper drainage don’t become apparent until years later. Water standing around your foundation can cause serious problems to your home; wet areas in your yard can cause significant malnutrition resulting in loss of plants, trees and turf. Furthermore, the fact that you walk, sit, drive, and play on the land around you is enough reason to have proper drainage around your home.
For years our staff has worked closely with many builders, developers and homeowners resulting in an enormous amount of knowledge and experience in this area. Along with our highly trained, highly qualified staff, we work with state of the art equipment to make sure our solutions are based on accurate measurements. With the increase in technology, the needs of your property become clear when laser transit levels are used to determine elevation changes of slopes, swales, and other important surfaces.
- Improper Grading – One of the most common mistakes contractors make is not providing enough change in elevation to allow for surface drainage. Proper grading goes hand-in-hand with drainage solutions.
- Settling – Sink holes and settling create areas that don’t drain off. Settling itself can be a result of poor subsurface compaction, soil type, or buried debris / roots decomposing. Sometimes filling in a sinkhole without determining the problem will put you right back where you started.
- Constant Source – An area that has a constant source of water will continue to be an issue even if surface drainage is adequate. Underground springs are more common than most people realize, and when the water table is high, they can be very persistent in your yard, crawl space, etc. Your air conditioner’s condensation line is another common source of water, especially during the warmer months due to its continuous activity.
- Inadequate Drain System – Some drain systems prove to be inadequate over time for many reasons. Sometimes they get stopped up, clogged, crushed, or buried. Other times the size, location or even type of system that was originally installed was not sufficient to handle the need.
- Fixed Elevations – When working around structures, driveways, sidewalks and roads, there are always limitations for where water can drain.
- Proper Grading – If surface drainage is possible, grading is often the most inexpensive and most effective solution to correcting an area with poor drainage.
- Catch Basins – Catch basins are simply a reservoir for collecting surface drainage or runoff. Anytime your source of water is above ground, a catch basin can collect the water so that it can be piped away underground. Basins are used primarily when grading is either not possible or when it would create an undesired / unusable space.
- French Drains – Often misused and certainly overused, French drains in the landscape are primarily needed to collect water that’s underground, seeping to the surface. They can also be very effective when placed along a foundation or crawl space to allow an escape for excessive moisture under and around the home. French drains use a combination of perforated pipe and gravel to capture the water, which can then be piped away.
- Sump Pumps – Typically seen in basements and crawl spaces, sump pumps are sometimes the only way to remove unwanted water from a location. Like in a crawl space, when water drains to the low point there has to be an even lower point outside if you’re going to be able to pipe the water away. If there’s not, you have to pump it “uphill” to get rid of it. Occasionally, we run into similar situations within the landscape where there’s just no where to take the water. For these situations, a sump pump is the only option.